Scotty Bowman (born September 18, 1933) is a Canadian retired National Hockey League (NHL) head coach. He holds the record for most wins in league history, with 1,244 wins in the regular season and 223 in the Stanley Cup playoffs and ranks 2nd all time (behind Jean Béliveau's 17) for most Stanley Cup victories by a player, coach or executive with 14. He coached the St. Louis Blues, Montreal Canadiens, Buffalo Sabres, Pittsburgh Penguins, and Detroit Red Wings. He is currently the Senior Advisor of Hockey Operations for the Chicago Blackhawks (his son, Stan, is the team's general manager). Bowman is regarded as one of the greatest coaches in history, in any sport.

As head coach, Bowman has won a record 9 Stanley Cup championships; 5 with the Canadiens (1973, 1976–1979), 1 with the Penguins (1992) and 3 with the Red Wings (1997–1998, and 2002). He has also won 5 Stanley Cups as a member of an organization's front office. He was director of player development for the 1991 Penguins, Consultant with the 2008 Detroit Red Wings, and Senior Advisor of Hockey Operations for the 2010, 2013, and 2015 Chicago Blackhawks. Bowman is the only NHL coach to lead three different teams to Stanley Cup victories. Bowman won the Jack Adams Award in 1977 and 1996. In the 1976–77 season he won a record 60 games, breaking his own record of 58 wins the year before. He broke his own record again in the 1995–1996 season, with 62 wins. His 8 losses in 1976–77 are a modern record. His teams also made it to the Stanley Cup Finals a record 13 times and the semi-finals a record 16 times.

Early years Edit

Bowman was born on September 18, 1933 in Verdun, Quebec. He played minor league hockey until a fractured skull resulting from a slash by Jean-Guy Talbot ended his playing aspirations.[3]

Coaching career Edit

He started coaching with the Ottawa Junior Canadiens in the Quebec Junior Hockey League in 1956. Two years later, the team coached by Bowman and managed by Sam Pollockwon the Memorial Cup in 1958. Soon thereafter, he moved into a coaching job with the Peterborough Petes of the Ontario Hockey League (OHA), the Montreal Canadiens' junior farm team.

St. Louis Blues Edit

Bowman moved into the NHL in 1967 when he joined the expansion St. Louis Blues as assistant coach to Lynn Patrick coach-manager. However, Patrick resigned after a slow start, and Bowman started as coach at age 34. The Blues caught fire, and made it to the Stanley Cup finals in their first three years of existence. Bowman also served as Manager after Lynn Patrick gave up the job in summer of 1968. Bowman remained manager-coach in St. Louis until the end of the 1970–71 season, but left due to a dispute with team ownership.

Montreal Canadiens Edit

Bowman then joined the Montreal Canadiens as head coach. Though the Canadiens were the defending champions, Al MacNeil had been sacked as head coach due to accusations of favoritism toward the team's anglophone players. Bowman was hired in part because he is fluently bilingual in English and French. His team lost in the first round of the playoffs in 1972 but won the Stanley Cup in 1973. The Canadiens would make the playoffs over the next two seasons but lost in the first and third rounds, as the rival Philadelphia Flyers won the Stanley Cup.

From 1976–1979, Bowman won 4 consecutive Stanley Cups with a talented Canadiens squad that included Guy Lafleur, Steve Shutt, Larry Robinson and Ken Dryden. Bowman's team won at least 45 games in each of his eight seasons. However, after a falling-out with ownership, Bowman stepped down after the 1978–79 season. The reason for the falling-out was the team's decision to pass him over as the new General Manager of the club in 1978 after Sam Pollock's retirement, as they hired Irving Grundman instead.[4]The Canadiens' dynasty ended after Bowman and several key players left the team. Bowman remains the second-winningest coach in Canadiens history after Toe Blake.

Bowman and General Manager Sam Pollock not only presided over a Canadiens dynasty, but many of their players went on to have successful coaching and managing roles with their own teams.

Buffalo Sabres Edit

For the 1979–80 season, he moved to the Buffalo Sabres as coach and general manager. He served as the team's general manager until 1987, doubling as coach on three separate occasions. During this time, he missed the playoffs for the only time in his coaching career, in the 1985–86 season. He left the Sabres as the winningest coach in franchise history. He has since been passed by Lindy Ruff.

Bowman joined the Sabres around the same time that their stars were growing old. While the Sabres remained competitive for much of his tenure, he was unable to build them into anything approaching the powerhouses he'd coached in Montreal. Bowman was relieved of his duties during the 1986-87 season and replaced by Gerry Meehan 12 games into the season. Scotty then become an analyst for the CBC's Hockey Night in Canada.

Pittsburgh Penguins Edit

He became the Director of Player Personnel of the Pittsburgh Penguins in 1990 and was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1991 as a builder.

In the summer, Bob Johnson, who had just won the Stanley Cup with the Penguins, was diagnosed with brain cancer and Bowman took over as head coach. Johnson died on November 26, 1991. Under Bowman, the Penguins repeated as Stanley Cup champions in a season dedicated to Johnson.

The next season, the Penguins had their first 100-point season in franchise history and finished with the league's best record. The 1992–93 Penguins under Bowman set the NHL record for consecutive wins in the regular season with 17. Their 119 points is still a franchise record. In the playoffs, the Penguins were upset in seven games in the Patrick Division finals by the New York Islanders coached by Al Arbour, a former Bowman player with the Blues.

After his two seasons as head coach in Pittsburgh, he was offered a long-term deal by the club. However, he indicated that he was not interested in their initial offer, which was not disclosed to the public, so they rescinded it. "We have to get somebody who wants to coach this team," Penguins owner Howard Baldwin said. "Scotty was clearly looking elsewhere."

Detroit Red Wings Edit

In 1993–94, Bowman became coach of the Red Wings, and led them to a first-place finish in the Western Conference, but his Red Wings were ousted in the first round by the young San Jose Sharks. According to an apocryphal story, Bowman had difficulty in the maze-like tunnels of the San Jose Arena, eventually having to be rescued after getting lost and twice locking himself into rooms.

In 1995, the Red Wings made it to the Stanley Cup Finals but were swept by the New Jersey Devils in 4 straight. This was the Red Wings' first appearance in the finals in 29 years. In the 1995–96 regular season, he won a record 62 games. However, they lost to the Colorado Avalanche in the Western Conference Finals.

In the 1997 playoffs, Bowman led the team to its first Stanley Cup in 42 years by sweeping the Philadelphia Flyers 4–0. The Red Wings repeated the feat the following season (1998) by sweeping the Washington Capitals.

In 1999 and 2000, they lost to the Colorado Avalanche in the Western Semi-Finals, and in 2001 they were eliminated by the Los Angeles Kings in the first round.

Bowman decided in February 2002 that he would retire at the end of the season and he went out as a winner as his Red Wings won the Stanley Cup by defeating the Carolina Hurricanes 4 games to 1. During the presentation of the Cup on the ice, Bowman put on an old pair of skates so he could take a lap with the Cup. He then publicly announced his retirement from coaching. [10] He is third on the Red Wings' all-time wins list behind only Jack Adams and Mike Babcock.

Team Canada Edit

Bowman has coached the Canada men's national ice hockey team at the international twice in his career. In the 1976 Canada Cup his team won gold over Czechoslovakia and silver in the 1981 Canada Cup against the Soviet Union.

Coaching record[edit] Edit

Team Year Regular season Postseason
G W L T OTL Pts Finish W L Win % Result
STL 67–68 58 23 21 14 70 3rd in West 8 10 .444 Lost in Final
STL 68–69 76 37 25 14 88 1st in West 8 4 .667 Lost in Final
STL 69–70 76 37 27 12 86 1st in West 8 8 .500 Lost in Final
STL 70–71 28 13 10 5 31 2nd in West 2 4 .333 Lost in first round
STL total 238 110






265 26 26 .500 4 playoff appearances
MTL 71–72 78 46 16 16 108 3rd in East 2 4 .333 Lost in first round
MTL 72–73 78 52 10 16 120 1st in East 12 5 .706 Won Stanley Cup
MTL 73–74 78 45 24 9 99 2nd in East 2 4 .333 Lost in first round
MTL 74–75 80 47 14 19 113 1st in Norris Division 6 5 .545 Lost in Semi-Finals
MTL 75–76 80 58 11 11 127 1st in Norris Division 12 1 .923 Won Stanley Cup
MTL 76–77 80 60 8 12 132 1st in Norris Division 12 2 .857 Won Stanley Cup
MTL 77–78 80 59 10 11 129 1st in Norris Division 12 3 .800 Won Stanley Cup
MTL 78–79 80 52 17 11 115 1st in Norris Division 12 4 .750 Won Stanley Cup
MTL total 634 419






943 70 28 .714 8 playoff appearances

5 Stanley Cup Championships

BUF 79–80 80 47 17 16 110 1st in Adams Division 9 5 .643 Lost in Semi-Finals
BUF 81–82 35 18 10 7 43 3rd in Adams Division 1 3 .250 Lost in Division Semi-Finals
BUF 82–83 80 38 29 13 89 3rd in Adams Division 6 4 .600 Lost in Division Finals
BUF 83–84 80 48 25 7 103 2nd in Adams Division 0 3 .000 Lost in Division Semi-Finals
BUF 84–85 80 38 28 14 90 3rd in Adams Division 2 3 .400 Lost in Division Semi-Finals
BUF 85–86 37 18 18 1 37 5th in Adams Division Missed playoffs
BUF 86–87 12 3 7 2 8 (Fired)
BUF total 404 210






480 18 18 .500 5 playoff appearances
PIT 91–92 80 39 32 9 87 3rd in Patrick Division 16 5 .762 Won Stanley Cup
PIT 92–93 84 56 21 7 119 1st in Patrick Division 7 5 .583 Lost in Division Finals
PIT total 164 95






206 23 10 .697 2 playoff appearances

1 Stanley Cup championship

DET 93–94 84 46 30 8 100 1st in Central 3 4 .429 Lost in Conference Quarter-Finals
DET 94–95 48 33 11 4 70 1st in Central 12 6 .667 Lost in Stanley Cup Final
DET 95–96 82 62 13 7 131 1st in Central 10 9 .526 Lost in Conference Final
DET 96–97 82 38 26 18 94 2nd in Central 16 4 .800 Won Stanley Cup
DET 97–98 82 44 23 15 103 2nd in Central 16 6 .727 Won Stanley Cup
DET 98–99 82 43 32 7 (93) 1st in Central 6 4 .600 Lost in Conference Semi-Finals
DET 99–00 82 48 22 10 2 102 2nd in Central 5 4 .556 Lost in Conference Semi-Finals
DET 00–01 82 49 20 9 4 111 1st in Central 2 4 .333 Lost in Conference Quarter-Finals
DET 01–02 82 51 17 10 4 116 1st in Central 16 7 .696 Won Stanley Cup
DET total 706 410








920 86 48 .642 9 playoff appearances

3 Stanley Cup championships

Total 2,146 1,248








2,814 223 130 .632 28 playoff appearances

9 Stanley Cup championships

Retirement Edit

In 2003 Bowman was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame.

Since his retirement as coach in 2002, Bowman worked as a special consultant to the Red Wings. On August 3, 2007, it was reported that Bowman was offered the position of President of the Toronto Maple Leafs. Bowman later appeared in an interview on Hockey Night in Canada on January 12, 2008 confirming that he was very close to taking the job only to be turned away by Richard Peddie, CEO of Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment Ltd. (MLSE).[13][14] In July 2008, he took a position as senior advisor of hockey operations for the Chicago Blackhawks to work alongside his son Stan Bowman, who is the general manager.[15] The Blackhawks' Stanley Cup victory in 2010 gave Bowman his 12th Stanley Cup including coaching and team management, and the Blackhawks' 2013, and 2015 Stanley Cup victories were Bowman's 13th and 14th respectively.

In 2012, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada "for his contributions to hockey as a coach and mentor".[16]

On February 8, 2017, it was announced that Bowman would receive Order of Hockey in Canada award in a ceremony on June 19.

Personal life Edit

Bowman currently lives in East Amherst, New York with his wife Suella. They have five children (Alicia, David, Stanley, Robert and Nancy). Bowman's brother, Jack, was a longtime scout for the Buffalo Sabres. His nephew, Steve Bowman, is the head amateur scout for the Washington Capitals, and his son, Stanley, is the general manager of the Chicago Blackhawks.